Seeking a Rational Approach to a Regional Refugee Crisis: Lessons from the Summer 2014 ‘Surge’ of Central American Women and Children at the US-Mexico Border, 5 JMHS 137 (2017) (with Eunice Lee). SSRN
Personal Violence, Public Matter: Evolving Standards in Gender-Based Asylum Law,, Harvard Int'l Rev. (Fall 2014/Winter 2015). URL
Crimes Without Punishment: An Update on Violence Against Women and Impunity in Guatemala, 10 Hastings Race & Poverty L.J. 265 (2013) (with Blaine Bookey). FULLTEXTSSRN
A Short History of Gender Asylum in the United States: Resistance and Ambivalence May Very Slowly be Inching Towards Recognition of Women's Claims, 29(2) Refugee Surv. Q. 46 (2010). FULLTEXT
Crimes Without Punishment: Violence Against Women in Guatemala, 21 Hastings Women's L.J. 161 (2010) (with Elisabeth Pellegrin & S. Shawn Roberts). FULLTEXT
Feelings of Betrayal by the United States High Commissioner for Refugees and Emotionally Distressed Sudanese Refugees in Cairo, 26 Med. Conflict & Survival 160 (2010) (with Susan M. Meffert, Akram Osman Abdo, Omayma Ahmed Abd Alla, Yasir Omer Mustafa Elmakki, Afrah Abdelrahim Omer, Sahar Yousif, Thomas J. Metzler & Charles R. Marmar). URL
The Role of Mental Health Professionals in Political Asylum Processing, 38 J. Am. Acad. Psychiatry & L. 479 (2010) (with Susan M. Meffert, Dale E. McNiel & Renée L. Binder). FULLTEXT
The Implementation of the One-Year Bar to Asylum, 31 Hastings Int'l & Comp. L. Rev. 693 (2008) (with Marcelle Rice). FULLTEXT
Conscientious Objection as a Basis for Refugee Status: Protection for the Fundamental Right of Freedom of Thought, Conscience, and Religion, 26(2) Refugee Surv. Q. 69 (2007). FULLTEXTSSRNCATALOG
Panel OneEmpowering Survivors with Legal-Status Challenges, 22 Berkeley J. Gender L. & Just. 304 (2007) (panel discussion). FULLTEXT
Protecting Victims of Gendered Persecution: Fear of Floodgates or Call to (Principled) Action?, 14 Va. J. Soc. Pol'y & L. 119 (2007). FULLTEXT
La Convencíon de 1951 sobre el Estatuto de la Persona Refugiada y la protección de las mujeres frente a las violaciones de sus derechos fundamentales, 8 Rev. Der. Migratorio y Extranjería 9 (2005).
The One–Year Bar: Denying Protection to Bona Fide Refugees, Contrary to Congressional Intent and Violative of International Law, 2005 Immigr. Briefings 1 (2005) (with Leena Khandwala, Stephen Knight, & Maria Anna K. Hreschyshyn). WL
Claims for Protection Based on Religion or Belief: Analysis and Proposed Conclusions, 16 Int'l J. Refugee L. 165 (2004) (UNHCR Dept. of Int'l Protection, Legal and Protection Policy Research Series, PPLA/2002/01, 2002) (reprinted in 2 Religion and Human Rights 165 (Nazila Ghanea ed., Routledge 2010)). FULLTEXT
Asylum for Victims of Gender Violence: An Overview of the Law and an Analysis of 45 Unpublished Decisions, 2003 Immigr. Briefings 1 (2003) (with Stephen Knight). CATALOG
Revisiting Social Group and Nexus in Gender Asylum Claims: A Unifying Rationale for Evolving Jurisprudence, 52 DePaul L. Rev. 777 (2003). FULLTEXT
Gender Jurisprudence in the United States: Developments in Asylum Laws Relating to the Protection of Women, 27 S.F. Att'y 25 (June–July 2001).
Steps Forward and Steps Back: Uneven Progress in the Law of Social Group and Gender-Based Claims in the United States, 13 Int'l J. Refugee L. 51 (2001) (with Stephen Knight). FULLTEXT
Gender–Based Asylum: An Analysis of Recent Trends, 77 Interpreter Releases 1533 (2000) (with Stephen Knight). URL
Matter of R–A–: An Analysis of the Decision and Its Implications, 76 Interpreter Releases 1177 (1999). FULLTEXT
Credibility and Burden of Proof in Asylum Claims After the Board of Immigration Appeals' Four 1998 Decisions, 1080 PLI/Corp 277 (1998).
In Re Fauziya Kasinga: Brief for the Respondent, 7 S. Cal. Rev. L. & Women's Stud. 373 (1998). FULLTEXT
Ruminations on In Re Kasinga: The Decision's Legacy, 7 S. Cal. Rev. L. & Women's Stud. 357 (1998) (reprinted at19 Immigr. & Nat'lity L. Rev. 289 (1998)). FULLTEXT
In Re Kasinga: A Big Step Forward for Gender–Based Asylum Claims, 73 Interpreter Releases 853 (1996). WL
Women Refugees: Does the United States Provide Adequate Protection?, 1 Inter Alia 48 (1996). FULLTEXT
Irreconcilable Differences? Divorcing Refugee Protections from Human Rights Norms, 15 Mich. J. Int'l L. 1179 (1994). FULLTEXT
Beating a Hasty Retreat, 5 Peace Rev. 293 (1993).
Swords into Ploughshares: Why the United States Should Provide Refuge to Young Men Who Refuse to Bear Arms for Reasons of Conscience, 26 San Diego L. Rev. 849 (1989). FULLTEXT
Conscientious Objection to Military Service Accepted as Valid Basis of Claim to Political Asylum for Salvadoran Men, 10 Immigr. J. 8 (1987). CATALOG
Chapters In Books
Immigration Remedies and Procedural Rights of Migrant Children and AdolescentsChildhood and Migration in Central and North America: Causes, Policies, Practices and Challenges Ch. 10 (U.C. Hastings Center for Gender and Refugee Studies 2015). URL
The Evolving Refugee Definition: How Shifting Elements of Eligibility Affect the Nature and Focus of Expert Testimony in Asylum ProceedingsAfrican Asylum at a Crossroads: Activism, Expert Testimony, and Refugee Rights 75 (Benjamin Lawrance et al. eds., Ohio Univ. Press, 2015). URL
A Tale of Two Women: The Claims for Asylum of Fauziya Kassindja, Who Fled FGC, and Rody Alvarado, a Survivor of Partner (Domestic) Violence, inGender in Refugee Law: From the Margins to the Centre 73 (Efrat Arbel et al. eds., Routledge 2014). AMAZON
The Developing Jurisprudence of Gender–Based Claims, in2 Immigration and Nationality Law Handbook 513 (Amer. Immigration Lawyers Ass'n 1997) (reprinted at 1021 PLI/Corp 291 (1997)). URL
Legal Issues for Refugee Women, inWomen's Legal Guide 487 (Barbara R. Hauser & Julie A. Tigges eds., Fulcrum Pub. 1996).
Comparison of the Use of Social Groups in Canadian and United States Jurisprudence, inImmigration and Nationality Law: 47th Anniversary Symposium of the American Immigration Lawyers AssociationAdvanced Topics ___ (Am. Immigration Lawyers Ass'n 1993).
Preparing a Case for Hearing in the Immigration Court, inSelected Writings: Immigration & Nationality Law in Transition 252 (Hope M. Frye ed., Am. Immigration Lawyers Ass'n 1990).
Circumstances Under Which Prosecution Constitutes Persecution Within the Definition of the 1980 Refugee Act, inImmigration and Nationality Law: 42nd Anniversary Symposium of the American Immigration Lawyers AssociationAdvanced Topics 354 (Am. Immigration Lawyers Ass'n 1988).
Newspaper & Magazine Articles
Time to End an Asylum Limbo for Abused Women, Washington Post, July 18, 2009 (with Esta Soler).
Recognizing Women's Rights as Human Rights, Perspectives, Spring, 2008, at 1. URL
A Haven for the Abused, Legal Times, Sept. 18, 2006. URL
Commentary, A Refusal of Compassion for Refugees?, The Recorder, Jan. 23, 1996, at 6. CATALOG
Commentary, Crushing A Chance at Freedom, The Recorder, Sept. 25, 1996, at 4. CATALOG
Proposition 187: It's Not the Solution, Et al., Fall/Winter, 1995.
Reports, Working Papers & Training Materials
Childhood and Migration in Central and North America: Causes, Policies, Practices and Challenges, U.C. Hastings Center for Gender and Refugee Studies (2015) (Coordinated and Edited with Pablo Ceriani Cernadas). URL
Center for Gender & Refugee Studies: 2009 Annual Report (U.C. Hastings College of the Law, 2009) (with CGRS staff members and Y–Day Designs). URL
Center for Gender & Refugee Studies: 2008 Annual Report (U.C. Hastings College of the Law, 2008) (with CGRS staff members and Y–Day Designs). URL
Center for Gender & Refugee Studies: 2007 Annual Report (U.C. Hastings College of the Law, 2007) (with CGRS staff members and Y-Day Designs). URL
Center for Gender & Refugee Studies: 2006 Annual Report (U.C. Hastings College of the Law, 2006) (with Stephen M. Knight & Richard A. Boswell). URL
Center for Gender & Refugee Studies: 2005 Annual Report (U.C. Hastings College of the Law, 2005) (with Stephen M. Knight & Richard A. Boswell). URL
Center for Gender & Refugee Studies: 2004 Annual Report (U.C. Hastings College of the Law, 2004) (with Stephen M. Knight & Richard A. Boswell). URL
The Expedited Removal Study: Evaluation of the General Accounting Office's Second Report on Expedited Removal (Ctr. for Hum. Rts & Int'l Just., U.C. Hastings College of Law, 2000) (with Lauren Gibson, Stephen Knight, & J. Edward Taylor). URL
The Expedited Removal Study: Report on the First Three Years of Implementation of Expedited Removal (Ctr. for Hum. Rts & Int'l Just., U.C. Hastings College of Law, 2000) (with Lauren Gibson, Stephen Knight, & J. Edward Taylor) (reprinted at 15 Notre Dame J.L. Ethics & Pub. Pol'y 1 (Special Issue 2001)). URL
The Expedited Removal Study: Report on the Second Year of Implementation of Expedited Removal (Ctr. for Hum. Rts & Int'l Just., U.C. Hastings College of Law, 1999) (with Lauren Gibson & J. Edward Taylor). URL
The Expedited Removal Study: Report on the First Year of Implementation of Expedited Removal (Int'l Hum. Rts. & Migration Proj., Markkula Ctr. for Applied Ethics, Santa Clara U., 1998) (with J. Edward Taylor & Nipa Rahim). URL
Chiapas: The Rebellion of the Excluded (Ecumenical Program on Cent. Am. & the Caribbean 1994) (co-author).
No Justice, No Peace: Accountability for Rape and Gender-Based Violence in the Former Yugoslavia (Int'l Hum. Rts. Law Grp., 1993) (with Laurel Fletcher, Diane Orentlicher & Kathleen Pratt) (reprinted in 5 Hastings Women's L.J. 91 (1991)). URL