Faculty Publications

          Karen Musalo

          Books

          Journal Articles

          • Personal Violence, Public Matter: Evolving Standards in Gender-Based Asylum Law,, Harvard Int'l Rev. (Fall 2014/Winter 2015). URL
          • Crimes Without Punishment: An Update on Violence Against Women and Impunity in Guatemala, 10 Hastings Race & Poverty L.J. 265 (2013) (with Blaine Bookey). FULLTEXT SSRN
          • A Short History of Gender Asylum in the United States: Resistance and Ambivalence May Very Slowly be Inching Towards Recognition of Women's Claims, 29(2) Refugee Surv. Q. 46 (2010). FULLTEXT
          • Crimes Without Punishment: Violence Against Women in Guatemala, 21 Hastings Women's L.J. 161 (2010) (with Elisabeth Pellegrin & S. Shawn Roberts). FULLTEXT
          • Feelings of Betrayal by the United States High Commissioner for Refugees and Emotionally Distressed Sudanese Refugees in Cairo, 26 Med. Conflict & Survival 160 (2010) (with Susan M. Meffert, Akram Osman Abdo, Omayma Ahmed Abd Alla, Yasir Omer Mustafa Elmakki, Afrah Abdelrahim Omer, Sahar Yousif, Thomas J. Metzler & Charles R. Marmar). URL
          • The Role of Mental Health Professionals in Political Asylum Processing, 38 J. Am. Acad. Psychiatry & L. 479 (2010) (with Susan M. Meffert, Dale E. McNiel & Renée L. Binder). FULLTEXT
          • The Implementation of the One-Year Bar to Asylum, 31 Hastings Int'l & Comp. L. Rev. 693 (2008) (with Marcelle Rice). FULLTEXT
          • Conscientious Objection as a Basis for Refugee Status: Protection for the Fundamental Right of Freedom of Thought, Conscience, and Religion, 26(2) Refugee Surv. Q. 69 (2007). FULLTEXT SSRN CATALOG
          • Panel One—Empowering Survivors with Legal-Status Challenges, 22 Berkeley J. Gender L. & Just. 304 (2007) (panel discussion). FULLTEXT
          • Protecting Victims of Gendered Persecution: Fear of Floodgates or Call to (Principled) Action?, 14 Va. J. Soc. Pol'y & L. 119 (2007). FULLTEXT
          • La Convencíon de 1951 sobre el Estatuto de la Persona Refugiada y la protección de las mujeres frente a las violaciones de sus derechos fundamentales, 8 Rev. Der. Migratorio y Extranjería 9 (2005).
          • The One–Year Bar: Denying Protection to Bona Fide Refugees, Contrary to Congressional Intent and Violative of International Law, 2005 Immigr. Briefings 1 (2005) (with Leena Khandwala, Stephen Knight, & Maria Anna K. Hreschyshyn). WL
          • Claims for Protection Based on Religion or Belief: Analysis and Proposed Conclusions, 16 Int'l J. Refugee L. 165 (2004) (UNHCR Dept. of Int'l Protection, Legal and Protection Policy Research Series, PPLA/2002/01, 2002) (reprinted in 2 Religion and Human Rights 165 (Nazila Ghanea ed., Routledge 2010)). FULLTEXT
          • Asylum for Victims of Gender Violence: An Overview of the Law and an Analysis of 45 Unpublished Decisions, 2003 Immigr. Briefings 1 (2003) (with Stephen Knight). CATALOG
          • Revisiting Social Group and Nexus in Gender Asylum Claims: A Unifying Rationale for Evolving Jurisprudence, 52 DePaul L. Rev. 777 (2003). FULLTEXT
          • Unequal Protection, 58 Bull. Atomic Scientists 56 (Nov./Dec. 2002) (with Stephen Knight). WL
          • Expedited Removal, 28 Hum. Rts. 12 (Winter 2001). FULLTEXT
          • Gender Jurisprudence in the United States: Developments in Asylum Laws Relating to the Protection of Women, 27 S.F. Att'y 25 (June–July 2001).
          • Steps Forward and Steps Back: Uneven Progress in the Law of Social Group and Gender-Based Claims in the United States, 13 Int'l J. Refugee L. 51 (2001) (with Stephen Knight). FULLTEXT
          • Gender–Based Asylum: An Analysis of Recent Trends, 77 Interpreter Releases 1533 (2000) (with Stephen Knight). URL
          • Matter of R–A–: An Analysis of the Decision and Its Implications, 76 Interpreter Releases 1177 (1999). FULLTEXT
          • Credibility and Burden of Proof in Asylum Claims After the Board of Immigration Appeals' Four 1998 Decisions, 1080 PLI/Corp 277 (1998).
          • In Re Fauziya Kasinga: Brief for the Respondent, 7 S. Cal. Rev. L. & Women's Stud. 373 (1998). FULLTEXT
          • Ruminations on In Re Kasinga: The Decision's Legacy, 7 S. Cal. Rev. L. & Women's Stud. 357 (1998) (reprinted at 19 Immigr. & Nat'lity L. Rev. 289 (1998)). FULLTEXT
          • In Re Kasinga: A Big Step Forward for Gender–Based Asylum Claims, 73 Interpreter Releases 853 (1996). WL
          • Women Refugees: Does the United States Provide Adequate Protection?, 1 Inter Alia 48 (1996). FULLTEXT
          • Irreconcilable Differences? Divorcing Refugee Protections from Human Rights Norms, 15 Mich. J. Int'l L. 1179 (1994). FULLTEXT
          • Beating a Hasty Retreat, 5 Peace Rev. 293 (1993).
          • Swords into Ploughshares: Why the United States Should Provide Refuge to Young Men Who Refuse to Bear Arms for Reasons of Conscience, 26 San Diego L. Rev. 849 (1989). FULLTEXT
          • Conscientious Objection to Military Service Accepted as Valid Basis of Claim to Political Asylum for Salvadoran Men, 10 Immigr. J. 8 (1987). CATALOG
          Chapters In Books

          • Immigration Remedies and Procedural Rights of Migrant Children and Adolescents Childhood and Migration in Central and North America: Causes, Policies, Practices and Challenges Ch. 10 (U.C. Hastings Center for Gender and Refugee Studies 2015). URL
          • The Evolving Refugee Definition: How Shifting Elements of Eligibility Affect the Nature and Focus of Expert Testimony in Asylum Proceedings African Asylum at a Crossroads: Activism, Expert Testimony, and Refugee Rights 75 (Benjamin Lawrance et al. eds., Ohio Univ. Press, 2015). URL
          • A Tale of Two Women: The Claims for Asylum of Fauziya Kassindja, Who Fled FGC, and Rody Alvarado, a Survivor of Partner (Domestic) Violence, in Gender in Refugee Law: From the Margins to the Centre 73 (Efrat Arbel et al. eds., Routledge 2014). AMAZON
          • The Developing Jurisprudence of Gender–Based Claims, in 2 Immigration and Nationality Law Handbook 513 (Amer. Immigration Lawyers Ass'n 1997) (reprinted at 1021 PLI/Corp 291 (1997)). URL
          • Legal Issues for Refugee Women, in Women's Legal Guide 487 (Barbara R. Hauser & Julie A. Tigges eds., Fulcrum Pub. 1996).
          • Comparison of the Use of Social Groups in Canadian and United States Jurisprudence, in Immigration and Nationality Law: 47th Anniversary Symposium of the American Immigration Lawyers Association—Advanced Topics ___ (Am. Immigration Lawyers Ass'n 1993).
          • Preparing a Case for Hearing in the Immigration Court, in Selected Writings: Immigration & Nationality Law in Transition 252 (Hope M. Frye ed., Am. Immigration Lawyers Ass'n 1990).
          • Circumstances Under Which Prosecution Constitutes Persecution Within the Definition of the 1980 Refugee Act, in Immigration and Nationality Law: 42nd Anniversary Symposium of the American Immigration Lawyers Association—Advanced Topics 354 (Am. Immigration Lawyers Ass'n 1988).
          Newspaper & Magazine Articles

          • Time to End an Asylum Limbo for Abused Women, Washington Post, July 18, 2009 (with Esta Soler).
          • Recognizing Women's Rights as Human Rights, Perspectives, Spring, 2008, at 1. URL
          • A Haven for the Abused, Legal Times, Sept. 18, 2006. URL
          • Commentary, A Refusal of Compassion for Refugees?, The Recorder, Jan. 23, 1996, at 6. CATALOG
          • Commentary, Crushing A Chance at Freedom, The Recorder, Sept. 25, 1996, at 4. CATALOG
          • Proposition 187: It's Not the Solution, Et al., Fall/Winter, 1995.
          Reports, Working Papers & Training Materials

          • Childhood and Migration in Central and North America: Causes, Policies, Practices and Challenges, U.C. Hastings Center for Gender and Refugee Studies (2015) (Coordinated and Edited with Pablo Ceriani Cernadas). URL
          • Center for Gender & Refugee Studies: 2009 Annual Report (U.C. Hastings College of the Law, 2009) (with CGRS staff members and Y–Day Designs). URL
          • Center for Gender & Refugee Studies: 2008 Annual Report (U.C. Hastings College of the Law, 2008) (with CGRS staff members and Y–Day Designs). URL
          • Center for Gender & Refugee Studies: 2007 Annual Report (U.C. Hastings College of the Law, 2007) (with CGRS staff members and Y-Day Designs). URL
          • Center for Gender & Refugee Studies: 2006 Annual Report (U.C. Hastings College of the Law, 2006) (with Stephen M. Knight & Richard A. Boswell). URL
          • Center for Gender & Refugee Studies: 2005 Annual Report (U.C. Hastings College of the Law, 2005) (with Stephen M. Knight & Richard A. Boswell). URL
          • Center for Gender & Refugee Studies: 2004 Annual Report (U.C. Hastings College of the Law, 2004) (with Stephen M. Knight & Richard A. Boswell). URL
          • The Expedited Removal Study: Evaluation of the General Accounting Office's Second Report on Expedited Removal (Ctr. for Hum. Rts & Int'l Just., U.C. Hastings College of Law, 2000) (with Lauren Gibson, Stephen Knight, & J. Edward Taylor). URL
          • The Expedited Removal Study: Report on the First Three Years of Implementation of Expedited Removal (Ctr. for Hum. Rts & Int'l Just., U.C. Hastings College of Law, 2000) (with Lauren Gibson, Stephen Knight, & J. Edward Taylor) (reprinted at 15 Notre Dame J.L. Ethics & Pub. Pol'y 1 (Special Issue 2001)). URL
          • The Expedited Removal Study: Report on the Second Year of Implementation of Expedited Removal (Ctr. for Hum. Rts & Int'l Just., U.C. Hastings College of Law, 1999) (with Lauren Gibson & J. Edward Taylor). URL
          • The Expedited Removal Study: Report on the First Year of Implementation of Expedited Removal (Int'l Hum. Rts. & Migration Proj., Markkula Ctr. for Applied Ethics, Santa Clara U., 1998) (with J. Edward Taylor & Nipa Rahim). URL
          • Chiapas: The Rebellion of the Excluded (Ecumenical Program on Cent. Am. & the Caribbean 1994) (co-author).
          • No Justice, No Peace: Accountability for Rape and Gender-Based Violence in the Former Yugoslavia (Int'l Hum. Rts. Law Grp., 1993) (with Laurel Fletcher, Diane Orentlicher & Kathleen Pratt) (reprinted in 5 Hastings Women's L.J. 91 (1991)). URL